A Practical Approach to Female Empowerment


Female empowerment

How to Cite

Khader, F. (1). A Practical Approach to Female Empowerment. Al-Raida Journal, 96-101. https://doi.org/10.32380/alrj.v0i0.238


Like many Palestinians, 32-year-old Manzur calls Gaza a prison, the biggest in the world. He lives a short distance from Gaza City in Beach Camp, home to 50,000 refugees. True to its name, the camp is by the sea, but even the beach here is blighted by the squalor and overcrowding. Manzur is lucky to have a job, as a hotel security guard, but earns too little to buy a flat or hope to attract a bride. He lives with his parents, four sisters, eight brothers and a grandfather. They share four rooms between them (The Guardian, July 27, 2000).



Abed, G.T. (Ed.). (1988). The Palestinian economy: studies in development under prolonged occupation. London: Routledge.

Appleton, S. & Collier, P. (1995). On gender targeting of public transfers. Chapter 19 in D. van de Walle & K. Nead (Eds.), Public spending and the poor: theory and evidence. Johns Hopkins, pp. 555-581.

Barnett, S. (Ed.) (1998). The economy of the West Bank and Gaza Strip: recent experience, prospects, and challenges to private sector development. Washington, D.C., International Monetary Fund.

Central Intelligence Agency, (2000). The world factbook – Gaza Strip. CIA.

Cook, J. (2000). Gaza diary: trapped in land where dreams can only die. The Guardian, July 27.

Diwan I. & R. Shaban, (Eds.). (1999). Development under adversity: the Palestinian economy in transition. Palestine Economic Research Institute and The World Bank: Washington, D.C., The World Bank.

The Economist Intelligence Unit. (2000) Country report on the occupied territories, August.

Gross, T. (1999) Hackers uncover secret billions of Arafat’s PLO. He is sitting on a mountain of gold while Palestinians are desperate for medicine. Sunday Telegraph, 5 December.

Guatemala: Eduque a la Nina: Girls’ Scholarship.


Herz, B., K. Subbarao, M. Habib & L. Raney. (1991). Letting girls learn: promising approaches in primary and secondary education, World Bank Discussion Paper 133, Washington.

Hiltermann, J.R. (1991). Behind the intifada: labor and women’s movements in the occupied territories. Princeton, NJ, Princeton University Press.

Jansen, M. (2000). Independence a distant dream in wasted Gaza. Michael Jansen visited Gaza and found Palestinians struggling with poverty and corruption, less than ready for statehood. The Irish Times, September 14.

Le Monde Diplomatique, (2000). Middle East: the faultline. November http://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/en

Odaga, A. & Heneveld, W. (1995). Girls and schools in sub-Saharan Africa: from analysis to action. Technical Paper 296, World Bank, Africa Technical Department Series, Washington,D.C.

Orme, W.A. Jr. (2000). Palestinian economy in ruins, UN says. The New York Times, December 6.

Palestinian Academic Society for the Study of International Affairs. (PASSIA) http://www.passia.org

Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. http://www.pcbs.org

Roy, S.M. (1995). Gaza Strip: The political economy of dedevelopment.

Washington, D.C., Institute for Palestine Studies.

Roy, S.M. (1988). The Palestinian economy and the Oslo process: decline and fragmentation. Abu Dhabi, UAE, Center for Strategic studies and Research.

Roy, S.M. (1986). The Gaza Strip: a demographic, economic, social and legal survey. Boulder, CO, Westview Press.

Scaffner, J.A. (2000). Policies for alleviating poverty in developing countries. Class at Fletcher, September 12.

Wilkinson, T. & Curtis, M. (2000). Statehood no panacea for the Palestinians; Yasser Arafat’s near-dictatorial rule is thwarting economic, political reform. many educated residents are giving up and leaving West Bank and Gaza territories. Los Angeles Times, September 3.

World Bank. (1993). Developing the occupied territories: an investment in peace. World Bank, Washington, D.C.

World Bank, (2000). World development report: attacking poverty, World Bank.

Zavadjil, M. (1997). Recent economic developments, prospects and progress in institution building in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. Washington, D.C.: Middle Eastern Department, International Monetary Fund.


Download data is not yet available.